National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)
Building and Fire Research Laboratory (BFRL)
Fire Research Information Services (FRIS)
NFPA (National Fire Protection Association)
Fire Resource Links, from NFPA
Research at the NFPA
Example of Fire Technology research abstracts
Fire Safe Materials
BFRL Major Product Description
Division of Fire Science, John Jay College of Criminal Justice
Fire Fighting Agents for Exposure Protection:
Fire experiment comparing treated and untreated vinyl siding, Building and Fire Research Laboratory
NASA: Microgravity Combustion Science

Fire Fighting Links

International Association of Fire Fighters
Aerial Firefighting Industry Association
International Fire Service Training Association (IFSTA)

Fire Safety

U.S. Fire Administration: Fire Safety and Public Education
"As an entity of the Federal Emergency Management Agency, the mission of the USFA is to reduce life and economic losses due to fire and related emergencies, through leadership, advocacy, coordination, and support."
Dorm Fire Safety by United Educators
Congressional Fire Services Institute

Fire-resistant fabrics  (listing here does not imply endorsement of companies)

Hydroweave and its Fire Safety Applications
Fire blanket (includes a cool video)
SFI Foundation Specs Assure Quality Driver Suits by Jennifer M. Bowden
FlamebustersTM  for Fabric (formerly known as "Flame-No-More")
Study Examines Flame Retardants (for upholstered furniture) by DAVID HO, Associated Press Writer
Polyimides by Gregory Brust.
Polyimides are inherently fire-resistant. This article describes their chemistry.

And more...

Plants and Fire-resistance
FIREWISE recommends fire-resistant plant materials to be included as part of a landscaping plan to help reduce the risk of fire spreading from a forested area to a home. Which types of plants are best? What makes a plant more or less fire-resistant? (click on "plant selection" at the bottom of this page)
Waste to Energy via the Alternate Fuels Boiler.
When polymer combustion (with a large release of heat) is a good thing: conversion of a manufacturing plant's waste PET (and other narrowly defined materials) into energy.
Fire Fighter Paul